Carter G. Woodson, the “Father of Black History,” initiated the first celebration of “Negro History Week” on this date in 1926. In 1976 it was expanded to “Black History Month.”

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Carter G.Woodson’s historical works include The Education of the Negro Prior to 1861 (1915), The History of the Negro Church (1921), and The African Background Outlined (1936). He wrote several well-known textbooks, most notably The Negro in Our History (1922), popular in both high schools and universities. He was also greatly accomplished as an editor. He collected the speeches of Frederick Douglass, Booker T.Washington, and many others in Negro Orators and Their Orations (1925). He published a collection of letters, The Mind of the Negro as Reflected in Letters Written During the Crisis, 1800–1860 (1926), and edited the complete works of the minister and civil rights activist Francis J. Grimké (1942).

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